A person-centred segmentation study in elderly care: Towards efficient demand-driven care

Monique Eissens-van der Laan, Marjolein van Offenbeek, Manda Broekhuis, Joris Slaets

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

36 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Providing patients with more person-centred care without increasing costs is a key challenge in healthcare. A relevant but often ignored hindrance to delivering person-centred care is that the current segmentation of the population and the associated organization of healthcare supply are based on diseases. A person-centred segmentation, i.e., based on persons' own experienced difficulties in fulfilling needs, is an elementary but often overlooked first step in developing efficient demand-driven care. This paper describes a person-centred segmentation study of elderly, a large and increasing target group confronted with heterogeneous and often interrelated difficulties in their functioning. In twenty-five diverse healthcare and welfare organizations as well as elderly associations in the Netherlands, data were collected on the difficulties in biopsychosocial functioning experienced by 2019 older adults. Data were collected between March 2010 and January 2011 and sampling took place based on their (temporarily) living conditions. Factor Mixture Model was conducted to categorize the respondents into segments with relatively similar experienced difficulties concerning their functioning. First, the analyses show that older adults can be empirically categorized into five meaningful segments: feeling vital; difficulties with psychosocial coping; physical and mobility complaints; difficulties experienced in multiple domains; and feeling extremely frail. The categorization seems robust as it was replicated in two population-based samples in the Netherlands. The segmentation's usefulness is discussed and illustrated through an evaluation of the alignment between a segment's unfulfilled biopsychosocial needs and current healthcare utilization. The set of person-centred segmentation variables provides healthcare providers the option to perform a more comprehensive first triage step than only a disease-based one. The outcomes of this first step could guide a focused and, therefore, more efficient second triage step. On a local or regional level, this person-centred segmentation provides input information to policymakers and care providers for the demand-driven allocation of resources. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)68-76
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftSocial Science & Medicine
Volume113
DOI's
StatusPublished - jul.-2014

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