A physicochemical roadmap of yeast replicative aging

Sara N Mouton, David J Thaller, Matthew M Crane, Irina L Rempel, Anton Steen, Matt Kaeberlein, C Patrick Lusk, Arnold J Boersma, Liesbeth M Veenhoff*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk


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    Cellular aging is a multifactorial process that is characterized by a decline in homeostatic capacity, best described at the molecular level. Physicochemical properties such as pH and macromolecular crowding, are essential to all molecular processes in cells and require maintenance. Whether a drift in physicochemical properties contributes to the overall decline of homeostasis in aging is not known. Here we show that the cytosol of yeast cells acidifies modestly in early aging and sharply after senescence. Using a macromolecular crowding sensor optimized for long-term FRET measurements, we show the macromolecular crowding changes less in longer-lived cells in contrast to shorter-lived cells. While the average pH and crowding levels change only modestly with aging, we observe drastic changes in organellar volume, leading to crowding on the µm scale, which we term organellar crowding. Our measurements provide an initial framework of physicochemical parameters of replicatively-aged yeast cells.
    Originele taal-2English
    StatusPublished - nov-2019

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