A possible physiological mechanism of rectocele formation in women

Ge Sun, Robbert J de Haas, Monika Trzpis*, Paul M A Broens

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    Samenvatting

    BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the anorectal physiological factors associated with rectocele formation.

    METHODS: Female patients (N = 32) with severe constipation, fecal incontinence, or suspicion of rectocele, who had undergone magnetic resonance defecography and anorectal function tests between 2015 and 2021, were retrospectively included for analysis. The anorectal function tests were used to measure pressure in the anorectum during defecation. Rectocele characteristics and pelvic floor anatomy were determined with magnetic resonance defecography. Constipation severity was determined with the Agachan score. Information regarding constipation-related symptoms was collected.

    RESULTS: Mean rectocele size during defecation was 2.14 ± 0.88 cm. During defecation, the mean anal sphincter pressure just before defecation was 123.70 ± 67.37 mm Hg and was associated with rectocele size (P = 0.041). The Agachan constipation score was moderately correlated with anal sphincter pressure just before defecation (r = 0.465, P = 0.022), but not with rectocele size (r = 0.276, P = 0.191). During defecation, increased anal sphincter pressure just before defecation correlated moderately and positively with straining maneuvers (r = 0.539, P = 0.007) and defecation blockage (r = 0.532, P = 0.007). Rectocele size correlated moderately and positively with the distance between the pubococcygeal line and perineum (r = 0.446, P = 0.011).

    CONCLUSION: Increased anal sphincter pressure just before defecation is correlated with the rectocele size. Based on these results, it seems important to first treat the increased anal canal pressure before considering surgical rectocele repair to enhance patient outcomes.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)1203–1214
    Aantal pagina's12
    TijdschriftAbdominal radiology (New York)
    Vroegere onlinedatum6-feb.-2023
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - 2023

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