A power-assisted exercise intervention in people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities living in a residential facility: A pilot randomised controlled trial

Leontien W.M. Bossink, Annette A.J. van der Putten, Aly Waninge, Carla Vlaskamp

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Objective: To assess the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled
trial to determine the effectiveness of a twenty-week power-assisted
exercise intervention in people with profound intellectual and multiple
disabilities and to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of this
intervention.
Design: Pilot randomised controlled trial.
Setting: A large-scale twenty-four-hour residential facility in the
Netherlands.
Subjects: Thirty-seven persons with profound intellectual and multiple
disabilities.
Intervention: Participants in the intervention group received a power-assisted
exercise intervention three times a week for thirty minutes over a
twenty-week period. Participants in the control group received care as
usual.
Main measures: Trial feasibility by recruitment process and outcomes
completion rates; intervention feasibility by programme compliance rates;
potential outcomes by functional abilities, alertness, body composition,
muscle tone, oxygen saturation, cardiovascular fitness and quality of life.
Results: Thirty-seven participants were recruited (M age = 32.1, SD =
14.6) and were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 19) and control (n
= 18) groups. Programme compliance rates ranged from 54.2% to 97.7%
with a mean (SD) of 81.5% (13.4). Oxygen saturation significantly
increased in the intervention group. Standardised effect sizes on the
difference between groups in outcome varied between 0.02 and 0.62.
Conclusions: The power-assisted exercise intervention and the trial design
were feasible and acceptable to people with profound intellectual and
multiple disabilities living in a residential facility. This pilot study suggests
that the intervention improves oxygen saturation, but further
implementation with the aim of improving other outcomes should be
considered with caution.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1168-1178
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftClinical Rehabilitation
Volume31
Nummer van het tijdschrift9
Vroegere onlinedatum11-jan-2017
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1-sep-2017

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