A systematic literature review of observable symptoms

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Background: Life expectancy of people with severe or profound intellectual
disability increases, which contributes to the risk of developing
dementia. However, early detection and diagnosing dementia is complex,
because of their low-level baseline functioning. Therefore, the
aim is to identify observable dementia symptoms in adults with severe
or profound intellectual disability in available literature.
Method: A systematic literature search, in line with PRISMA guidelines,
was conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science using
a combination of search terms for severe or profound intellectual disability,
dementia/aging and aged population.
Results: In total, fifteen studies met inclusion criteria. Cognitive,
behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPSD) and a decline in the
ability to perform activities of daily living as well as neurological and
physical changes were found. This presentation gives an overview of
reported symptoms of (possible) dementia-related symptoms in
severe or profound intellectual disability.
Conclusions: Despite growing attention for dementia in people with
intellectual disabilities in literature, only very few studies have studied
dementia symptoms in severe or profound intellectual disability.
Given the complexity of signaling and diagnosing dementia in SPID,
dedicated studies are required to unravel the natural history of
dementia in severe or profound intellectual disability, specifically
focusing on observable symptoms for caregivers of (early) dementia in
this population.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1215-1215
Aantal pagina's1
TijdschriftJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume34
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1-jul-2021
EvenementIASSIDD Europe Congress: Value Diversity - Amsterdam/virtual, Netherlands
Duur: 6-jul-20218-jul-2021
https://www.iassidd2021.com/

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