Aims Information regarding the cardiorenal axis in patients after a myocardial infarction (MI) is limited. We examined the change in renal function after a first MI, the protective effect of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and the prognostic value of baseline renal function.
Methods and results The study population consisted of 298 patients with a first anterior wall MI who were randomized to the ACE inhibitor captopril or placebo after completion of streptokinase infusion. Renal function, by means of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), was calculated using the Cockroft-Gault equation (GFR(c)). In the placebo group, renal function (GFR(c)) declined by 5.5 ml min(-1) within 1 year, vs only 0.5 ml min(-1) in the ACE inhibitor group (P103 ml min(-1) was 1.86 (95% CI 1.11-3.13; P=0.019).
Conclusions Renal function markedly deteriorates after a first MI, but is significantly preserved by ACE inhibition. Furthermore, an impaired baseline renal function adds to the prognostic risk of developing CHF in patients after a first anterior MI. (C) 2003 The European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.