Adenosine dry powder inhalation for bronchial challenge testing, part 2: Proof of concept in asthmatic subjects

Anne J. Lexmond*, Erica van der Wiel, Paul Hagedoorn, Wouter Bult, Henderik W. Frijlink, Nick H. T. ten Hacken, Anne H. de Boer

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

12 Citaten (Scopus)


Adenosine is an indirect stimulus to assess bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR2) in asthma. Bronchial challenge tests are usually performed with nebulised solutions of adenosine 5′-monophosphate (AMP3). The nebulised AMP test has several disadvantages, like long administration times and a restrictive maximum concentration that does not result in BHR in all patients. In this study, we investigated the applicability of dry powder adenosine for assessment of BHR in comparison to nebulised AMP. Dry powder adenosine was prepared in doubling doses (0.01-80 mg) derived from the nebulised AMP test with addition of two higher doses. Five asthmatic subjects performed two bronchial challenge tests, one with nebulised AMP following the 2-min tidal breathing method; the second with dry powder adenosine administered with an investigational inhaler and single slow inhalations (inspiratory flow rate 30-40 L/min). All subjects reached a 20% fall in FEV14with the new adenosine test (PD205) compared to four subjects with the AMP test (PC206). Dry powder adenosine was well tolerated by all subjects and better appreciated than nebulised AMP. In conclusion, this new bronchial challenge test appears to be a safe and convenient alternative to the nebulised AMP test to assess BHR in asthmatic subjects.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)148-152
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - sep.-2014


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