Adequate debridement and drainage of the mediastinum using open thoracotomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for Boerhaave's syndrome

Jan Willem Haveman*, Vincent B. Nieuwenhuijs, Jeroen P. Muller Kobold, Gooitzen M. van Dam, John Th Plukker, H. Sijbrand Hofker

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

21 Citaten (Scopus)
178 Downloads (Pure)


Background Boerhaave's syndrome has a high mortality rate (14-40%). Surgical treatment varies from a minimal approach consisting of adequate debridement with drainage of the mediastinum and pleural cavity to esophageal resection. This study compared the results between a previously preferred open minimal approach and a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) procedure currently considered the method of choice.

Methods In this study, 12 consecutive patients treated with a historical nonresectional drainage approach (1985-2001) were compared with 12 consecutive patients treated prospectively after the introduction of VATS during the period 2002-2009. Baseline characteristics were equally distributed between the two groups.

Results In the prospective group, 2 of the 12 patients had the VATS procedure converted to an open thoracotomy, and 2 additional patients were treated by open surgery. In the prospective group, 8 patients experienced postoperative complications compared with all 12 patients in the historical control group. Four patients (17%), two in each group, underwent reoperation. Six patients, three in each group, were readmitted to the hospital. The overall in-hospital mortality was 8% (1 patient in each group), which compares favorably with other reports (7-27%) based on drainage alone.

Conclusions Adequate surgical debridement with drainage of the mediastinum and pleural cavity resulted in a low mortality rate. The results for VATS in this relatively small series were comparable with those for an open thoracotomy.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2492-2497
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftSurgical endoscopy and other interventional techniques
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
StatusPublished - aug-2011

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