AGC198606: A gas-bearing dark matter minihalo?

E. A. K. Adams, Y. Faerman, W. F. Janesh, S. Janowiecki, T. A. Oosterloo, K. L. Rhode, R. Giovanelli, M. P. Haynes, J. J. Salzer, A. Sternberg, J. M. Cannon, R. R. Muñoz

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We present neutral hydrogen (H i) imaging observations with the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope of AGC198606, an H i cloud discovered in the ALFALFA 21cm survey. This object is of particular note as it is located 16 km s-1 and 1.̊2 from the gas-bearing ultra-faint dwarf galaxy Leo T while having a similar H i linewidth and approximately twice the flux density. The H i imaging observations reveal a smooth, undisturbed H i morphology with a full extent of 23' × 16' at the 5 × 1018 atoms cm-2 level. The velocity field of AGC198606 shows ordered motion with a gradient of ~25 km s-1 across ~20'. The global velocity dispersion is 9.3 km s-1 with no evidence for a narrow spectral component. No optical counterpart to AGC198606 is detected. The distance to AGC198606 is unknown, and we consider several different scenarios: physical association with Leo T, a minihalo at a distance of ~150 kpc based on the models of Faerman et al. (2013, ApJ, 777, 119), and a cloud in the Galactic halo. At a distance of 420 kpc, AGC198606 would have an H i mass of 6.2 × 105 M⊙, an H i radius of 1.4 kpc, and a dynamical mass within the H i extent of 1.5 × 108 M⊙.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's4
TijdschriftAstronomy and astrophysics
StatusPublished - jan-2015

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