Airflow resistance of airflow-regulating devices described by independent coefficients

GJ Verkerke*, AA Geertsema, HK Schutte

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

12 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Rehabilitation after laryngectomy includes more and more the use of airflow-regulating devices such as shunt valves (SVs). tracheostoma valves (TSVs), and heat and moisture exchange (HME) filters. In determining the quality of those devices, airflow resistance is a very important factor. It is currently defined as pressure drop divided by airflow. However, for most applications, this definition does not result in a pressure- and airflow-independent parameter. Therefore, a new set of parameters is defined and applied to pressure-airflow curves of airflow-regulating devices. Pressure drop over TSVs and HME filters appears to have a squared relationship with flow. In SVs, it has a linear relationship. The new set of parameters describes the pressure-airflow relationship properly for all considered devices. In conclusion, theoretical predictions of flow mechanics appear to be valid for SVs, TSVs, and HME filters. Only 2 coefficients are necessary to describe the pressure-flow characteristics of these airflow-regulating devices, independent of pressure drop over and flow through the device.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)639-645
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftAnnals of otology rhinology and laryngology
Volume110
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
StatusPublished - jul-2001

Citeer dit