Airway smooth muscle--its relationship to the extracellular matrix

Judith L. Black, Janette K. Burgess, Peter R.A. Johnson

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

62 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

The airway smooth muscle cell has a variety of properties, which confer on it the ability to participate actively in the inflammatory process and the remodeling events, which accompany severe, persistent asthma. Among these properties is its relationship to the extracellular matrix (ECM) with which it interacts by releasing matrix proteins, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). Muscle cells derived from asthmatic subjects proliferate faster, release a different profile of matrix proteins, produce more connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in response to TGFbeta stimulation and these changes may impact on airway smooth muscle contraction and proliferation. Integrins on the surface of the airway smooth muscle transduce signals between the muscle cell and the ECM, but whether the expression and/or function of these is altered in asthma is not known. It is unlikely that current therapy is effective in preventing or reversing remodeling, and therefore, understanding the pathophysiological events, which underlie its mechanism is critical.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)339-346
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftRespiratory physiology & neurobiology
Volume137
Nummer van het tijdschrift2-3
DOI's
StatusPublished - 16-sep.-2003
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Citeer dit