An automated, quantitative, and case-specific evaluation of deformable image registration in computed tomography images

Roel G J Kierkels, Lydia A den Otter, Erik W Korevaar, Johannes A Langendijk, Arjen van der Schaaf, Antje-Christin Knopf, Nanna M Sijtsema

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22 Citaten (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


A prerequisite for adaptive dose-tracking in radiotherapy is the assessment of the deformable image registration (DIR) quality. In this work, various metrics that quantify DIR uncertainties are investigated using realistic deformation fields of 26 head and neck and 12 lung cancer patients. Metrics related to the physiologically feasibility (the Jacobian determinant, harmonic energy [HE], and shear strain) and numerically robustness of the deformation (the inverse consistency error, transitivity error, and distance discordance metric [DDM]) were investigated. The deformable registrations were performed using a B-spline transformation model. The DIR error metrics were log-transformed and correlated (Pearson) against the log-transformed ground-truth error on a voxel level. Correlations of r > 0.5 were found for the DDM and HE. Given a DIR tolerance threshold of 2.0 mm and a negative predictive value of 0.90, the DDM and HE thresholds were 0.49 mm and 0.014, respectively. In conclusion, the log-transformed DDM and HE can be used to identify voxels at risk for large DIR errors with a large negative predictive value. The HE and/or DDM can therefore be used to perform automated quality assurance of each CT-based DIR for head and neck and lung cancer patients.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's24
TijdschriftPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Vroegere onlinedatum28-nov.-2017
StatusPublished - 21-feb.-2018

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