An overview of microbial indigo-forming enzymes

Andrea N. Fabara, Marco W. Fraaije*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articleAcademicpeer review

19 Citaten (Scopus)
105 Downloads (Pure)


Indigo is one of the oldest textile dyes and was originally prepared from plant material. Nowadays, indigo is chemically synthesized at a large scale to satisfy the demand for dyeing jeans. The current indigo production processes are based on fossil feedstocks; therefore, it is highly attractive to develop a more sustainable and environmentally friendly biotechnological process for the production of this popular dye. In the past decades, a number of natural and engineered enzymes have been identified that can be used for the synthesis of indigo. This mini-review provides an overview of the various microbial enzymes which are able to produce indigo and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each biocatalytic system.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)925-933
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
Vroegere onlinedatum13-dec-2019
StatusPublished - 1-feb-2020

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