Analysis of a substrate specificity switch residue of cephalosporin acylase

Charles Sio, Linda Otten, Robbert Cool, Wim Quax*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

19 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Residue Phe375 of cephalosporin acylase has been identified as one of the residues that is involved in substrate specificity. A complete mutational analysis was performed by substituting Phe375 with the 19 other amino acids and characterising all purified mutant enzymes. Several mutations cause a substrate specificity shift from the preferred substrate of the enzyme, glutaryl-7-ACA, towards the desired substrate, adipyl-7-ADCA. The catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K-m) of mutant SY-77(F375C) towards adipyl-7-ADCA was increased 6-fold with respect to the wild-type enzyme, due to a strong decrease of K-m. The k(cat) of mutant SY-77(F375H) towards adipyl-7-ADCA was increased 2.4-fold. The mutational effects point at two possible mechanisms by which residue 375 accommodates the long side chain of adipyl-7-ADCA, either by a widening of a hydrophobic ring-like structure that positions the aliphatic part of the side chain of the substrate, or by hydrogen bonding to the carboxylate head of the side chain. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)755-760
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume312
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2003

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