Anti-social behaviour and European protection against eviction: An analysis of Dutch case law based on statistics

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The purpose of this paper is to assess the implementation of the minimum level of protection against the loss of the home that arises from Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights in the Netherlands. The paper focuses on anti-social behaviour related cases in which the landlord requests the court to issue an eviction order.


The paper is based on a statistical analysis of nearly 250 judgements concerning housing related anti-social behaviour.


A significant difference is found in the court’s attitude against drug related anti-social behaviour and other types of nuisance. Moreover, it is found that in two-thirds of the cases the tenant advanced a proportionality defence. Although the European Court stresses the need of a proportionality check, Dutch courts ignore the tenant’s proportionality defence in 10% of the cases and issue an eviction order in the majority of all cases. Advancing a proportionality defence does not result in any difference for the court decision.


The paper presents original data on the legal protection against eviction in cases concerning anti-social behaviour. This is the first study that analyses the approach towards housing related anti-social behaviour in the context of the European minimum level of protection. Whilst centred on legislation and procedures in the Netherland its findings and discussion are relevant in other jurisdictions facing similar issues.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)148-161
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Law in the Built Environment
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusPublished - 2015

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