Assessing cognition and daily function in early dementia using the cognitive-functional composite: findings from the Catch-Cog study cohort

Roos J. Jutten*, John E. Harrison, Philippe R. Lee Meeuw Kjoe, Silvia Ingala, R. Vreeswijk, R. A. J. van Deelen, Frank Jan de Jong, Esther M. Opmeer, Andre Aleman, Craig W. Ritchie, Philip Scheltens, Sietske A. M. Sikkes

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)
176 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

BackgroundThe cognitive-functional composite (CFC) was designed to improve the measurement of clinically relevant changes in predementia and early dementia stages. We have previously demonstrated its good test-retest reliability and feasibility of use. The current study aimed to evaluate several quality aspects of the CFC, including construct validity, clinical relevance, and suitability for the target population.MethodsBaseline data of the Capturing Changes in Cognition study was used: an international, prospective cohort study including participants with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). The CFC comprises seven existing cognitive tests focusing on memory and executive functions (EF) and the informant-based Amsterdam Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Questionnaire (A-IADL-Q). Construct validity and clinical relevance were assessed by (1) confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) using all CFC subtests and (2) linear regression analyses relating the CFC score (independent) to reference measures of disease severity (dependent), correcting for age, sex, and education. To assess the suitability for the target population, we compared score distributions of the CFC to those of traditional tests (Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale, Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Activities of Daily Living scale, and Clinical Dementia Rating scale).ResultsA total of 184 participants were included (age 71.88.4; 42% female; n=14 SCD, n=80 MCI, n=78AD, and n=12 DLB). CFA showed that the hypothesized three-factor model (memory, EF, and IADL) had adequate fit (CFI=.931, RMSEA=.091, SRMR=.06). Moreover, worse CFC performance was associated with more cognitive decline as reported by the informant (=.61, p

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer45
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftAlzheimers research & therapy
Volume11
DOI's
StatusPublished - 15-mei-2019

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