Association of diuretic use with increased risk for long-term post-transplantation diabetes mellitus in kidney transplant recipients

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Background Post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a major clinical problem in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Diuretic-induced hyperglycaemia and diabetes have been described in the general population. We aimed to investigate whether diuretics also increase PTDM risk in KTRs. Methods We included 486 stable outpatient KTRs (with a functioning graft >= 1 year) without diabetes from a prospective cohort study. Participants were classified as diuretic users and non-users based on their medication use verified by medical records. Results At the baseline study, 168 (35%) KTRs used a diuretic (thiazide, n = 74; loop diuretic, n = 76; others, n = 18) and 318 KTRs did not use a diuretic. After 5.2 years [interquartile range (IQR) 4.0-5.9] of follow up, 54 (11%) KTRs developed PTDM. In Cox regression analyses, diuretic use was associated with incident PTDM, independent of age, sex, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) {hazard ratio [HR] 3.28 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.84-5.83]; P

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1375-1383
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
Vroegere onlinedatum29-jan.-2022
StatusPublished - jul.-2022

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