Associations between vertebral fractures, increased thoracic kyphosis, a flexed posture and falls in older adults: a prospective cohort study

Hanna C. van der Jagt-Willems*, Maartje H. de Groot, Jos P. C. M. van Campen, Claudine J. C. Lamoth, Willem F. Lems

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

48 Citaten (Scopus)
556 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Background: Vertebral fractures, an increased thoracic kyphosis and a flexed posture are associated with falls. However, this was not confirmed in prospective studies. We performed a prospective cohort study to investigate the association between vertebral fractures, increased thoracic kyphosis and/or flexed posture with future fall incidents in older adults within the next year.

Methods: Patients were recruited at a geriatric outpatient clinic. Vertebral fractures were evaluated on lateral radiographs of the spine with the semi-quantitative method of Genant; the degree of thoracic kyphosis was assessed with the Cobb angle. The occiput-to-wall distance was used to determine a flexed posture. Self-reported falls were prospectively registered by monthly phone contact for the duration of 12 months.

Results: Fifty-one older adults were included; mean age was 79 years (SD = 4.8). An increased thoracic kyphosis was independently associated with future falls (OR 2.13; 95% CI 1.10-4.51). Prevalent vertebral fractures had a trend towards significancy (OR 3.67; 95% CI 0.85-15.9). A flexed posture was not significantly associated with future falls.

Conclusion: Older adults with an increased thoracic kyphosis are more likely to fall within the next year. We suggest clinical attention for underlying causes. Because patients with increased thoracic curvature of the spine might have underlying osteoporotic vertebral fractures, clinicians should be aware of the risk of a new fracture.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer34
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftBMC Geriatrics
Volume15
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - 28-mrt-2015

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