Astraeus - VI. Hierarchical assembly of AGN and their large-scale effect during the Epoch of Reionization

Maxime Trebitsch*, Anne Hutter, Pratika Dayal, Stefan Gottlöber, Laurent Legrand, Gustavo Yepes

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
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In this work, the sixth of a series, we use the seminumerical rAdiative tranSfer coupling of galaxy formaTion and Reionization in N-body dark-matter simUlationS (ASTRAEUS) framework to investigate the nature of the sources that reionized the Universe. We extend ASTRAEUS, which already couples a galaxy formation semi-analytical model with a detailed seminumerical reionization scheme, to include a model for black-hole formation, growth, and the production of ionizing radiation from associated active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We calibrate our fiducial AGN model to reproduce the bolometric luminosity function at z ≃ 5, and explore the role of the resulting AGN population in reionizing the Universe. We find that in all the models yielding a reasonable AGN luminosity function, galaxies dominate overwhelmingly the ionizing budget during the Epoch of Reionization, with AGN accounting for 1-10 per cent of the ionizing budget at z = 6 and starting to play a role only below z ≲ 5....
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)3576–3592
TijdschriftMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - jan.-2023

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