Autophagic processes in yeast: mechanism, machinery and regulation

Fulvio Reggiori, Daniel J Klionsky

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

272 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Autophagy refers to a group of processes that involve degradation of cytoplasmic components including cytosol, macromolecular complexes, and organelles, within the vacuole or the lysosome of higher eukaryotes. The various types of autophagy have attracted increasing attention for at least two reasons. First, autophagy provides a compelling example of dynamic rearrangements of subcellular membranes involving issues of protein trafficking and organelle identity, and thus it is fascinating for researchers interested in questions pertinent to basic cell biology. Second, autophagy plays a central role in normal development and cell homeostasis, and, as a result, autophagic dysfunctions are associated with a range of illnesses including cancer, diabetes, myopathies, some types of neurodegeneration, and liver and heart diseases. That said, this review focuses on autophagy in yeast. Many aspects of autophagy are conserved from yeast to human; in particular, this applies to the gene products mediating these pathways as well as some of the signaling cascades regulating it, so that the information we relate is relevant to higher eukaryotes. Indeed, as with many cellular pathways, the initial molecular insights were made possible due to genetic studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and other fungi.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)341-61
Aantal pagina's21
TijdschriftGenetics
Volume194
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - jun-2013
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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