Balancing the effect of corona on therapeutic efficacy and macrophage uptake of lipid nanocapsules

P. Sanchez-Moreno*, P. Buzon, H. Boulaiz, J. M. Peula-Garcia, J. L. Ortega-Vinuesa, I. Luque, A. Salvati, J. A. Marchal

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

33 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Several studies have shown the potential of biocompatible lipid nanocapsules as hydrophobic drug delivery systems. Understanding the factors that determine the interactions of these oil-in-water nanoemulsions with cells is a necessary step to guide the design of the most effective formulations. The aim of this study was to probe the ability of two surfactants with a markedly different nature, a non-ionic poloxamer, and a charged phospholipid, to prepare formulations with shells of different composition and different surface properties. Thus we determined their effects on the interaction with biological environments. In particular, we investigated how the shell formulation affected the adsorption of biomolecules from the surrounding biological fluids on the nanocapsule surface (corona formation). A complete physicochemical characterization including an isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) study revealed that the use of poloxamer led to nanocapsules with a marked reduction in the number of protein-binding sites. Surface hydrophilicity and changes in corona formation strongly correlated to changes in uptake by cancer cells and by macrophages. Our results indicate that the nature and concentration of surfactants in the nanocapsules can be easily manipulated to effectively modulate their surface architecture with the aim of controlling the environmental interactions, thus optimizing functionality for in vivo applications. In particular, addition of surfactants that reduce protein binding can modulate nanoparticle clearance by the immune system, but also screens the desired interactions with cells, leading to lower uptake, thus lower therapeutic efficacy. The two effects need to be balanced in order to obtain successful formulations. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)266-278
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftBiomaterials
Volume61
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug-2015

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