Basic auditory processing is related to familial risk, not to reading fluency: An ERP study

Britt Hakvoort*, Aryan van der Leij, Natasha Maurits, Ben Maassen, Titia L. van Zuijen

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

25 Citaten (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Less proficient basic auditory processing has been previously connected to dyslexia. However, it is unclear whether a low proficiency level is a correlate of having a familial risk for reading problems, or whether it causes dyslexia. In this study, children's processing of amplitude rise time (ART), intensity and frequency differences was measured with event-related potentials (ERPs). ERP components of interest are components reflective of auditory change detection; the mismatch negativity (MMN) and late discriminative negativity (LDN). All groups had an MMN to changes in ART and frequency, but not to intensity. Our results indicate that fluent readers at risk for dyslexia, poor readers at risk for dyslexia and fluent reading controls have an LDN to changes in ART and frequency, though the scalp activation of frequency processing was different for familial risk children. On intensity, only controls showed an LDN. Contrary to previous findings, our results suggest that neither ART nor frequency processing is related to reading fluency. Furthermore, our results imply that diminished sensitivity to changes in intensity and differential lateralization of frequency processing should be regarded as correlates of being at familial risk for dyslexia, that do not directly relate to reading fluency. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)90-103
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftCortex
Volume63
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb.-2015

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