Blockade of CD40-CD154 at the time of donor-specific blood transfusion does not lead to prolonged kidney allograft survival in nonhuman primates

J Ringers, KG Haanstra, RA Kroczek, K Kliem, EM Kuhn, J Wubben, M A Ossevoort, HD Volk, M Jonker*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

16 Citaten (Scopus)


Background. In rodents it has been demonstrated that blockade of the CD40-CD154 (CD40L) pathway at the time of donor-specific blood transfusion (DST) can result in indefinite graft survival. Because it has been reported in the past that DST in monkeys can have a favorable effect on graft outcome and that blockade of the CD40-CD154 pathway can lead to prolonged kidney graft survival in monkeys, we have combined anti-CD154 treatment with DST in a monkey kidney graft model. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunosuppressive potential of blocking the CD40-CD154 interaction at the time of a DST in rhesus monkeys.

Methods. One donor-derived blood transfusion was given on day -15 after the first anti-CD 154 injection. The anti-CD154 antibody was given on days -15, -13, -11, -9, and -7. The kidney was transplanted on day 0. Cyclosporine was given after kidney transplantation.

Results. No major difference in graft survival was observed between the groups. The animals died due to grade 11 acute rejection. At the time of transplantation, no antibody response could be detected directed against donor antigens. After transplantation, all animals surviving for more than 3 weeks had antidonor antibodies. There were no differences in the intragraft events analyzed by real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.

Conclusions. DST under the cover of relatively high levels of anti-CD154 failed to result in prolonged graft survival or prevent the formation of antidonor antibodies, when cyclosporine was given after transplantation.

Originele taal-2English
ArtikelnummerUNSP 0041-1337/02/7306-862/0
Pagina's (van-tot)862-866
Aantal pagina's5
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusPublished - 27-mrt-2002
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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