Brain activation during self- and other-reflection in bipolar disorder with a history of psychosis: Comparison to schizophrenia

Liwen Zhang*, Esther M. Opmeer, Henricus G. Ruhe, Andre Aleman, Lisette van der Meer

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

30 Citaten (Scopus)
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Objectives: Reflecting on the self and on others activates specific brain areas and contributes to metacognition and social cognition. The aim of the current study is to investigate brain activation during self-and other-reflection in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). In addition, we examined whether potential abnormal brain activation in BD patients could distinguish BD from patients with schizophrenia (SZ).

Methods: During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 17 BD patients, 17 SZ patients and 21 healthy controls (HCs) performed a self-reflection task. The task consisted of sentences divided into three conditions: self-reflection, other-reflection and semantic control.

Results: BD patients showed less activation in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) extending to the precuneus during other-reflection compared to HCs (p = 0.028 FWE corrected on cluster-level within the regions of interest). In SZ patients, the level of activation in this area was in between BD patients and HCs, with no significant differences between patients with SZ and BD. There were no group differences in brain activation during self-reflection. Moreover, there was a positive correlation between the PCC/precuneus activation during other-reflection and cognitive insight in SZ patients, but not in BD patients.

Conclusions: BD patients showed less activation in the PCC/precuneus during other-reflection. This-may support an account of impaired integration of emotion and memory (evaluation of past and current other-related information) in BD patients. Correlation differences of the PCC/precuneus activation with the cognitive insight in patients with BD and SZ might reflect an important difference between these disorders, which may help to further explore potentially distinguishing markers. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)202-209
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftNeuroImage. Clinical
Volume8
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2015

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