Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid characteristics in acute and chronic lung transplant rejection

D Slebos*, DS Postma, GH Koeter, W van der Bij, M Boezen, HF Kauffman

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

63 Citaten (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: The detection of graft rejection by bronchoalveolar lavage remains controversial.

METHODS: To assess the value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in acute and chronic rejection after lung transplantation we analyzed bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cellular differential characteristics, lymphocyte sub-types and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) cytokine levels in patients with exclusively either acute rejection (n = 37) or bronchiolitis obliterans (BO; n = 48). Both groups were compared with a control group of lung transplantation patients without rejection or infection, matched for the time the lavage was performed after lung transplantation.

RESULTS: The bronchiolitis obliterans group showed marked neutrophilia, high IL-8 and higher CD4(+)CD25(+) and CD8(+)CD45(+) bronchoalveolar lavage fluid levels when compared with their stable controls. When using a cut-off point of >3% neutrophils in the lavage, the sensitivity for BO is 87.0%, the specificity 77.6%. The sensitivity of IL-8 for BO when using a cut-off point of >71.4 pg/ml is 74.5%, the specificity 83.3%. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in acute rejection was characterized by marked lymphocytosis, but showed no difference when compared with stable controls in any of the lymphocyte sub-types studied. When using a cut-off point of <==1% lymphocytes in the lavage, the sensitivity for acute rejection (AR) is 40.4%, the specificity 95.6%. The marked neutrophilia, high IL-8 cytokine level and more activated lymphocyte population in bronchiolitis obliterans may indicate ongoing local allograft rejection.

CONCLUSIONS: In the present study we were not able to show any difference in lymphocyte sub-types when comparing acute rejection and control subjects. Cellular and soluble parameters in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid appear useful for diagnosing bronchiolitis obliterans.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)532-540
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - mei-2004


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