Can the Robson 10 Group Classification System help identify which groups of women are driving the high caesarean section rate in major private hospitals in eastern Ethiopia? A cross-sectional study

Shegaw Geze, Abera Kenay Tura*, Sagni Girma Fage, Thomas van den Akker

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

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    Objective The rates of caesarean section (CS) in Ethiopian private hospitals are high compared with those in public facilities, and there are limited descriptions of groups of women contributing to these high rates. The objective of this study was to describe the groups contributing to increased CS rates using the Robson classification in two major private hospitals in eastern Ethiopia. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Two major private hospitals in eastern Ethiopia. Participants All women who gave birth from 9 January 2019 to 8 January 2020 in two major private hospitals in eastern Ethiopia. Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary outcome was the Robson 10 Group Classification System. The secondary outcome was indication for CS as recorded in the medical files. Results Of 1203 births in both hospitals combined during the study period, 415 (34.5%) were by CS. Women with a uterine scar due to previous CS (group 5), single cephalic term multiparous women in spontaneous labour (group 3) and single cephalic term nulliparous women in spontaneous labour (group 1) were the leading groups contributing 33%, 27.5% and 17.1%, respectively. The leading documented indications were fetal compromise (29.4%), previous CS (27.2%) and obstructed labour (12.3%). Conclusion More than three-fourths of CS were performed among Robson groups 5, 3 and 1, indicating inadequate trial of labour after CS or management of labour among relatively low-risk groups (3 and 1). Improving management of spontaneous labour and strengthening clinical practice around safely providing the option of vaginal birth after CS practice are strategies required to reduce the high CS rates in these private facilities.

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's7
    TijdschriftBMJ Open
    Nummer van het tijdschrift8
    StatusPublished - 2021

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