CARD15 in inflammatory bowel disease and Crohn's disease phenotypes: An association study and pooled analysis

L. E. Oostenbrug*, I. M. Nolte, E. Oosterom, G. van der Steege, G. J. te Meerman, H. M. van Dullemen, J. P. H. Drenth, D. J. de Jong, K. van der Linde, P. L. M. Jansen, J. H. Kleibeuker

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

27 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background. Three major polymorphisms of the Caspase-Activation Recruitment Domain containing protein 15 gene have been described to be associated with Crohn's disease. Genotype-phenotype studies reported in literature provide conflicting data on disease localisation and behaviour. We investigated the relation of Caspase-Activation Recruitment Domain containing protein 15 with inflammatory bowel disease and Crohn's disease phenotypic characteristics in a large Dutch cohort and performed a pooled analysis on inflammatory bowel disease patients and Crohn's disease phenotypic characteristics reported in association studies.

Methods. We genotyped 781 cases and 315 controls for the R702W, G908R and 1007fsinsC variants and for six microsatellite markers in and close to Caspase-Activation Recruitment Domain containing protein 15. In the pooled analysis data of 7201 inflammatory bowel disease patients and 3720 controls from 20 studies were included.

Results. Association was found for Crohn's disease with R702W and 1007fsinsC, including several disease characteristics, and not for ulcerative colitis. In the pooled analysis all three common Caspase-Activation Recruitment Domain containing protein 15 variants showed strong association with Crohn's disease (p <0.00001; odds ratio varying from 3.0 for single heterozygotes to 14.7 for compound heterozygotes) and not with ulcerative colitis. Phenotype analysis showed association with small bowel involvement, stricturing and penetrating disease.

Conclusion. Caspase-Activation Recruitment Domain containing protein 15 is associated with Crohn's disease and not with ulcerative colitis. All three common Crohn's disease-associated variants are associated with small bowel involvement, the G908R and 1007fsinsC alleles also being associated with a complicated disease course. (c) 2006 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)834-845
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume38
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
DOI's
StatusPublished - nov.-2006

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