Care provider views on app-based treatment for female urinary incontinence: A mixed-methods study

Nienke J. Wessels, Eline J. Ruiter, Lisa Hulshof, Anne M.M. Loohuis, Julia E.W.C. van Gemert-Pijnen, Esther I. Metting, Henk van der Worp, Marco H. Blanker*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: To explore the views and preferences of care providers on app use for the treatment of UI and to identify the anticipated barriers to, and facilitators of, implementation.

Patients and Methods: We performed an exploratory, two-phase, sequential mixed-methods study. In phase 1, the views of care providers were explored through five focus group sessions with care providers involved in UI: general practitioners (GPs), practice assistants (PAs), pelvic physical therapists (PPTs), and urologists and (uro)gynecologists (UGs). In phase 2, the identified themes and subthemes were quantified in an online survey distributed among different care providers matching these groups.

Results: In the focus group sessions, 30 female and two male care providers participated. Survey participants included 351 PAs and 76 PPTs (all females) next to 124 GPs and 183 UGs (70% females). Caregivers generally considered UI treatment apps as having a supportive role, being less convinced about their advantages in the absence of a care provider. Whereas most PPTs (89%) and the majority of participants overall (56%) agreed that app use should be supervised, most GPs considered apps to be suitable alternatives for women who do not visit a care provider. Additionally, caregivers required that the effectiveness of an app should be proven first, and that privacy and safety should be ensured. Contrasting with other research, lack of time and financial compensation were not considered important barriers to implementation. Although care providers shared a positive view of app use for UI treatment, most never to seldom referred their patients to existing tools.

Conclusion: Our results add to the existing knowledge about eHealth-related barriers and facilitators. These findings can be used to optimize implementation strategies for other apps and to enhance the uptake of app-based treatment for UI in The Netherlands.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's9
StatusPublished - jun.-2023

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