Catalytic Hydrotreatment of Fast Pyrolysis Oil: Model Studies on Reaction Pathways for the Carbohydrate Fraction

J. Wildschut, J. Arentz, C. B. Rasrendra, R. H. Venderbosch, H. J. Heeres*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

89 Citaten (Scopus)
485 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Fast pyrolysis oil can be upgraded by a catalytic hydrotreatment (250-400 degrees C, 100-200 bar) using heterogeneous catalysts such as Ru/C to hydrocarbon-like products that can serve as liquid transportation fuels. Insight into the complex reaction pathways of the various component fractions during hydrotreatment is desirable to reduce the formation of by-products such as char and gaseous components. This paper deals with the catalytic hydrotreatment of representative model components for the carbohydrate fraction (viz., D-glucose and D-cellobiose) present in concentrations of 20-40% in first pyrolysis oils. The hydrotreatment was conducted at a temperature of 250 degrees C and 100 bar hydrogen using Ru. and Pd on carbon catalysts in water. Two parallel reaction Pathways are 1,ben observed, a thermal noncatalyzed pathway leading to insoluble humans (char) and a hydrogenation pathway leading to smaller polyols and gaseous hydrocarbons such as methane and ethane. Me implications of these findings for the catalytic hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil are discussed. (C) 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 28: 450-460, 2009

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)450-460
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftEnvironmental Progress & Sustainable Energy
Volume28
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - okt-2009
EvenementInternational Conference on Thermochemical Conversion Science - , Israel
Duur: 16-sep-200918-sep-2009

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