CD70-expressing CD4 T cells produce IFN-γ and IL-17 in rheumatoid arthritis

Jin Kyun Park, Bobby Kwanghoon Han, Ji Ah Park, Youn Jung Woo, So Young Kim, Eun Young Lee, Eun Bong Lee, Paulina Chalan, Annemieke M. Boots, Yeong Wook Song*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

16 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

OBJECTIVE: CD70-expressing CD4 T cells are enriched in RA and promote autoimmunity via co-stimulatory CD70-CD27 interaction. This study aimed to explore the phenotype and cytokine production of CD70(+) CD4 T cells in RA.

METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 32 RA patients were isolated and frequencies of CD70(+) cells within different CD4 T subsets were analysed using flow cytometry. IFN-γ and IL-17 production were compared between the CD70(+) and CD70(-) cells. Expression of master transcription factors T-bet, GATA3 and retinoic acid-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt) were examined by real-time PCR. Results are presented as mean (s.e.m.).

RESULTS: CD4 T cells of healthy controls rarely expressed CD70 as compared with CD4 T cells of RA patients [mean 0.9% (s.e.m. 0.3%) vs 7.6 (0.6), P < 0.001]. In RA, CD70(+) cells were present within all CD4 T cell subsets, i.e. CD45RA(+)CCR7(+) naive, CD45RA(-)CCR7(+) central memory, CD45RA(-)CCR7(-) effector memory and CD45RA(+)CCR7(-) terminally differentiated effector memory T cells with a mean frequency of 3.9% (s.e.m. 1.1%), 4.0 (0.5), 4.2 (0.7) and 9.4 (4.3), respectively. As compared to CD70(-) CD4 T cells, CD70(+) CD4 T cells produced significantly more IFN-γ and IL-17 after short activation. CD70(+) CD4 T cells preferentially expressed transcription factor RORγt.

CONCLUSION: CD70(+) CD4 T cells are enriched in RA and may directly contribute to RA pathogenesis by producing IFN-γ and IL-17. Targeting CD70(+) CD4 T cells might offer new therapeutic opportunities in RA.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1896-1900
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftRheumatology
Volume53
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
DOI's
StatusPublished - okt-2014

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