Cerebral and Renal Oxygen Saturation Are Not Compromised in the Presence of Retrograde Blood Flow in either the Ascending or Descending Aorta in Term or Near-Term Infants with Left-Sided Obstructive Lesions

Michelle E. van der Laan*, Mirthe J. Mebius, Marcus T. R. Roofthooft, Arend F. Bos, Rolf M. F. Berger, Elisabeth M. W. Kooi

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

Background: In infants with left-sided obstructive lesions (LSOL), the presence of retrograde blood flow in either the ascending or descending aorta may lead to diminished cerebral and renal blood flow, respectively. Objectives: Our aim was to compare cerebral and renal tissue oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) between infants with LSOL with antegrade and retrograde blood flow in the ascending aorta and with and without diastolic backflow in the descending aorta. Methods: Based on 2 echocardiograms, the study group was categorized according to the direction of blood flow in the ascending and descending aorta. We measured cerebral and renal rSO(2) using near-infrared spectroscopy and calculated fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE). Results: Nineteen in-fants with LSOL, admitted to the NICU between 0 and 28 days after birth, were included. Infants with antegrade blood flow (n = 12) and infants with retrograde blood flow in the ascending aorta (n = 7) had similar cerebral rSO2 and FTOE during both echocardiograms. Only during the first echocardiogram, infants with retrograde blood flow in the ascending aorta had lower renal FTOE (0.14 vs. 0.32, p = 0.04) and tended to have higher renal rSO(2) (80 vs. 65%, p = 0.09). The presence of diastolic backflow in the descending aorta was not associated with cerebral or renal rSO(2) and FTOE during the first (n = 8) as well as the second echocardiogram (n = 10). Conclusions: Retrograde blood flow in the ascending aorta was not associated with cerebral oxygenation, while diastolic backflow in the descending aorta was not associated with renal oxygenation in infants with LSOL. (C) 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)217-224
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftNeonatology
Volume112
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2017

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