BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer (TC) survivors cured with chemotherapy (CT) are prone to develop cardiovascular diseases, as part of an accelerated aging phenotype. A mechanism contributing to these events can be telomere shortening.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort of patients with disseminated TC who received cisplatin-based CT, mean absolute leukocyte telomere length (TL) was measured before and 1 year after start of treatment. Cardiovascular risk factors, including development of the metabolic syndrome and hypogonadism, were assessed before and up to 5 years after CT.

RESULTS: For the whole group (n = 55), TL did not change 1 year after CT (5.7 (2.2-13.4) vs. 5.8 kb (1.6-19.2), P = 0.335). At baseline, patients with a BMI >30 kg/m 2 (n = 12) had shorter TL (4.9 (2.2-13.4) vs. 6.3 kb (3.1-12.9), P = 0.045), while no age-dependent differences were measured. Patients with TL shortening after 1 year (n = 7) showed a significant increase in diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.007) and triglycerides (P = 0.003), compared to those with unchanged TL. There was no association between telomere shortening after 1 year or short TL at baseline (n = 7+11) and development of metabolic syndrome (25% vs. 21%; P = 0.777), or hypogonadism (38% vs. 17%; P = 0.120) after 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS: A small subset of TC patients treated with cisplatin-based CT showed telomere shortening 1 year after treatment. This shortening was associated to a rise in diastolic blood pressure and triglycerides, but not to newly developed metabolic syndrome and hypogonadism after 5 years.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 4-dec.-2023


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