Characteristics of 2000 patients who visited a halitosis clinic

Marc Quirynen*, Jesica Dadamio, Sandra Van den Velde, Menke De Smit, Christel Dekeyser, Marie Van Tornout, Betty Vandekerckhove

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

149 Citaten (Scopus)


Aims: The aim of this paper was to analyse the aetiology and characteristics of 2000 patients who visited a multidisciplinary bad breath clinic in Leuven, Belgium and to correlate organoleptic ratings with portable device measurements.

Materials and Methods: The characteristics and aetiology of breath malodour of two thousand consecutive patients who visited a halitosis consultation were explored by means of a standard questionnaire and a clinical examination, including organoleptic scores provided by a trained and calibrated judge, and a portable bad breath detector (Halimeter®).

Results: Most patients came without referral and had complaints for several years (mean: 7 years, SD: 8 years). For 76% of the patients, an oral cause was found [tongue coating (43%), gingivitis/periodontitis (11%) or a combination of the two (18%)]. Pseudo-halitosis/halitophobia was diagnosed in 16% of the cases; and ear, nose and throat/extra-oral causes were found in 4% of the patients. Most patients had an organoleptic score <3 and a Halimeter® value <240 p.p.b.

Conclusions: Even though it was observed that halitosis has a predominantly oral origin, a multidisciplinary approach remains necessary to identify ear, nose and throat or extra-oral pathologies and/or pseudo-halitosis/halitophobia.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)970-975
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
StatusPublished - nov-2009
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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