Characterization of protocadherin-1 expression in primary bronchial epithelial cells: association with epithelial cell differentiation

Henk Koning, Ian Sayers, Ceri E. Stewart, Debora de Jong, Nick H. T. ten Hacken, Dirkje S. Postma, Antoon J. M. van Oosterhout, Martijn C. Nawijn, Gerard H. Koppelman*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

24 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Protocadherin-1 (PCDH1) is a novel susceptibility gene for asthma that is expressed in airway epithelium. We aimed to characterize PCDH1 mRNA transcripts and protein expression in primary bronchial epithelial cells and to determine regulation of PCDH1 during mucociliary differentiation. Total RNA and protein were isolated from human primary bronchial epithelial cells. PCDH1 transcripts were characterized by rapid amplification of cDNA ends in bronchial epithelial cells of 4 subjects. PCDH1 expression was quantified by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting in bronchial epithelial cells directly ex vivo and after air liquid interface (ALI) or submerged culture. We identified 5 novel exons on the 5' end and 1 exon on the 3' end of PCDH1. Novel transcripts showed major variation in expression of intracellular conserved motifs. Expression levels of PCDH1 transcripts encoding exon 1-2 were 4-fold higher, and transcripts encoding exon 3-4 were 15-fold higher in freshly isolated bronchial epithelial cells than in submerged cultures. PCDH1 mRNA (3 to 8-fold) and protein levels (2- to 3-fold) were strongly up-regulated during mucociliary differentiation of primary bronchial epithelial cells in ALI cultures. In summary, PCDH1 transcripts display remarkable variability in expression of conserved intracellular signaling domains. Enhanced PCDH1 expression levels strongly correlate with differentiation of bronchial epithelial cells.-Koning, H., Sayers, I., Stewart, C. E., de Jong, D., ten Hacken, N. H. T., Postma, D. S., van Oosterhout, A. J. M., Nawijn, M. C., Koppelman, G. H. Characterization of protocadherin-1 expression in primary bronchial epithelial cells: association with epithelial cell differentiation. FASEB J. 26, 439-448 (2012). www.fasebj.org

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)439-448
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftThe FASEB Journal
Volume26
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - jan-2012

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