Characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ras1p and chimaeric constructs of Ras proteins reveals the hypervariable region and farnesylation as critical elements in the adenylyl cyclase signaling pathway

JB Crechet*, RH Cool, E Jacquet, JY Lallemand

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Ras1p and Ras2p, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are GTP-binding proteins that are essential elements in the signaling cascade leading to the activation of adenylyl cyclase. To overcome proteolytic activities that have hampered biochemical studies of Ras1p so far, its gene was genetically modified after which full-length Ras1p could be obtained. The interaction of famesylated and unprenylated Ras1p with guanine nucleotides, guanine nucleotide exchange factors, GTPase activating proteins, and adenylyl cyclase was compared to Ras2p and human Ha-Ras interactions. Farnesylation of Ras proteins was demonstrated to be a prerequisite for membrane-bound guanine nucleotide exchange factor dependent formation of Ras-GTP complexes, and for efficient Ras-mediated adenylyl cyclase activation. To relate observed functional deviations with sequence differences between Ras1p and Ras2p, which reside almost exclusively within the hypervariable region, truncated versions and chimaeras of the Ras proteins were made. The characteristics of these constructs point to the presence of the hypervariable region of yeast Ras proteins for an efficient activation of adenylyl cyclase. The importance of the latter was confirmed as inhibition of the activation of adenylyl cyclase by an isolated farnesylated hypervariable region of Ras2p could be shown. This strongly suggests that the hypervariable region of Ras proteins can interact directly with adenylyl cyclase.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)14903-14912
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftBiochemistry
Volume42
Nummer van het tijdschrift50
DOI's
StatusPublished - 23-dec-2003

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