Circadian rhythm entrainment of the jewel wasp, Nasonia vitripennis, by antagonistic interactions of multiple spectral inputs

Yifan Wang*, Gregor Belušič, Ido Pen, Leo W Beukeboom, Bregje Wertheim, Doekele G Stavenga, Roelof A Hut

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)
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Samenvatting

Circadian light entrainment in some insects is regulated by blue-light-sensitive cryptochrome (CRY) protein that is expressed in the clock neurons, but this is not the case in hymenopterans. The hymenopteran clock does contain CRY, but it appears to be light-insensitive. Therefore, we investigated the role of retinal photoreceptors in the photic entrainment of the jewel wasp Nasonia vitripennis. Application of monochromatic light stimuli at different light intensities caused phase shifts in the wasp's circadian activity from which an action spectrum with three distinct peaks was derived. Electrophysiological recordings from the compound eyes and ocelli revealed the presence of three photoreceptor classes, with peak sensitivities at 340 nm (ultraviolet), 450 nm (blue) and 530 nm (green). An additional photoreceptor class in the ocelli with sensitivity maximum at 560-580 nm (red) was found. Whereas a simple sum of photoreceptor spectral sensitivities could not explain the action spectrum of the circadian phase shifts, modelling of the action spectrum indicates antagonistic interactions between pairs of spectral photoreceptors, residing in the compound eyes and the ocelli. Our findings imply that the photic entrainment mechanism in N. vitripennis encompasses the neural pathways for measuring the absolute luminance as well as the circuits mediating colour opponency.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer20222319
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume290
Nummer van het tijdschrift1992
DOI's
StatusPublished - 8-feb.-2023

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