Samenvatting
Symmetry is a crucial concept in physics. Many of the great revolutions in physics since the time of Newton were both based on principles of symmetry and led to new insights into the role of symmetry in physics. We may distinguish linearly realized symmetries from nonlinearly realized symmetries, which lead to different consequences. Linearly realized symmetries determine what kind of particles we can expect to find in colliders and lead to important conserved quantities such as energy and momentum. Nonlinearly realized symmetries lead to constraints on the dynamics of particles, but tell us nothing about how to classify fundamental particle states.
The range of possibilities for linear symmetries was understood a long time ago by Coleman and Mandula. However, a classification of all possible nonlinearly realized symmetries is lacking. In this thesis, we attempt to make progress in this direction. We focus on nonlinear spacetime symmetries in relativistic and supersymmetric field theories, using the theory of nonlinear realizations. We are able to exhaustively classify socalled exceptional EFTs realized on the most commonly encountered particles of relativistic and supersymmetric physics.
The range of possibilities for linear symmetries was understood a long time ago by Coleman and Mandula. However, a classification of all possible nonlinearly realized symmetries is lacking. In this thesis, we attempt to make progress in this direction. We focus on nonlinear spacetime symmetries in relativistic and supersymmetric field theories, using the theory of nonlinear realizations. We are able to exhaustively classify socalled exceptional EFTs realized on the most commonly encountered particles of relativistic and supersymmetric physics.
Originele taal2  English 

Kwalificatie  Doctor of Philosophy 
Toekennende instantie 

Begeleider(s)/adviseur 

Datum van toekenning  6nov.2020 
Plaats van publicatie  [Groningen] 
Uitgever  
DOI's  
Status  Published  2020 