Klinische kenmerken van seksueel misbruikte mensen met een lichte verstandelijke beperking: een literatuuroverzicht

M J Smit*, M Scheffers, C Emck, J T van Busschbach, P J Beek

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    Samenvatting

    BACKGROUND: Sexual abuse in individuals with (above) average iq is associated with a wide range of behavioural and psychological clinical characteristics, including characteristics regarding body experience. However, research on the clinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with borderline intellectual functioning or mild intellectual disability (bif-mid) is scarce. OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of the literature on the clinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with bif-mid.<br/> METHOD: PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, cinahl, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for relevant publications using terms related to 'intellectual disability' and 'sexual abuse'. <br/> RESULTS: Seven studies were included. The studies in question mostly reported behavioural and psychological characteristics such as challenging behaviour, sexualised behaviour or posttraumatic stress, anxiety or depressive symptoms associated with sexual abuse in individuals with bif-mid. None of the studies reported problems regarding body experience. CONCLUSIONS Sexual abuse in individuals with bif-mid is associated with a broad range of behavioural and psychological characteristics similar to that of individuals with (above) average iq. Whether sexually abused individuals with bif-mid have similar problems in body experience as sexually abused individuals with (higher than) average iq needs to be investigated.

    Vertaalde titel van de bijdrageClinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with borderline intellectual functioning or mild intellectual disability: an overview of the literature
    Originele taal-2Dutch
    Pagina's (van-tot)878-887
    Aantal pagina's10
    TijdschriftTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
    Volume62
    Nummer van het tijdschrift10
    StatusPublished - 2020

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