Clinical Implications of Non-Steatotic Hepatic Fat Fractions on Quantitative Diffusion-Weighted Imaging of the Liver

Hildebrand Dijkstra*, Astri Handayani, Peter Kappert, Matthijs Oudkerk, Paul E. Sijens

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

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    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is an important diagnostic tool in the assessment of focal liver lesions and diffuse liver diseases such as cirrhosis and fibrosis. Quantitative DWI parameters such as molecular diffusion, microperfusion and their fractions, are known to be affected when hepatic fat fractions (HFF) are higher than 5.5% (steatosis). However, less is known about the effect on DWI for HFF in the normal non-steatotic range below 5.5%, which can be found in a large part of the population. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the diagnostic implications of non-steatotic HFF on quantitative DWI parameters in eight liver segments. For this purpose, eleven healthy volunteers (2 men, mean-age 31.0) were prospectively examined with DWI and three series of in-/out-of-phase dual-echo spoiled gradient-recalled MRI sequences to obtain the HFF and T-2*. DWI data were analyzed using the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model. Four circular regions (circle divide 22.3 mm) were drawn in each of eight liver segments and averaged. Measurements were divided in group 1 (HFF 5.5%). DWI parameters and T-2* were compared between the three groups and between the segments. It was observed that the molecular diffusion (0.85, 0.72 and 0.49610 23 mm(2)/s) and T-2* (32.2, 27.2 and 21.0 ms) differed significantly between the three groups of increasing HFF (2.18, 3.50 and 19.91%). Microperfusion and its fraction remained similar for different HFF. Correlations with HFF were observed for the molecular diffusion (r = -0.514, p

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's8
    TijdschriftPLoS ONE
    Nummer van het tijdschrift2
    StatusPublished - 4-feb.-2014

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