Clinical presentation, aetiology and outcome of infective endocarditis. Results of the ESC-EORP EURO-ENDO (European infective endocarditis) registry: a prospective cohort study

EURO-ENDO Investigators, Gilbert Habib*, Paola Anna Erba, Bernard Iung, Erwan Donal, Bernard Cosyns, Cecile Laroche, Bogdan A. Popescu, Bernard Prendergast, Pilar Tornos, Anita Sadeghpour, Leopold Oliver, Jolanta-Justina Vaskelyte, Rouguiatou Sow, Olivier Axler, Aldo P. Maggioni, Patrizio Lancellotti, A. Rodrigues

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

82 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Aims The EURO-ENDO registry aimed to study the management and outcomes of patients with infective endocarditis (IE).

Methods and results Prospective cohort of 3116 adult patients (2470 from Europe, 646 from non-ESC countries), admitted to 156 hospitals in 40 countries between January 2016 and March 2018 with a diagnosis of IE based on ESC 2015 diagnostic criteria. Clinical, biological, microbiological, and imaging [echocardiography, computed tomography (CT) scan, F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18-FDG PET/CT)] data were collected. Infective endocarditis was native (NVE) in 1764 (56.6%) patients, prosthetic (PVIE) in 939 (30.1%), and device-related (CDRIE) in 308 (9.9%). Infective endocarditis was community-acquired in 2046 (65.66%) patients. Microorganisms involved were staphylococci in 1085 (44.1%) patients, oral streptococci in 304 (12.3%), enterococci in 390 (15.8%), and Streptococcus gallolyticus in 162 (6.6%). F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography was performed in 518 (16.6%) patients and presented with cardiac uptake (major criterion) in 222 (42.9%) patients, with a better sensitivity in PVIE (66.8%) than in NVE (28.0%) and CDRIE (16.3%). Embolic events occurred in 20.6% of patients, and were significantly associated with tricuspid or pulmonary IE, presence of a vegetation and Staphylococcus aureus IE. According to ESC guidelines, cardiac surgery was indicated in 2160 (69.3%) patients, but finally performed in only 1596 (73.9%) of them. In-hospital death occurred in 532 (17.1%) patients and was more frequent in PVIE. Independent predictors of mortality were Charlson index, creatinine > 2 mg/dL, congestive heart failure, vegetation length > 10 mm, cerebral complications, abscess, and failure to undertake surgery when indicated.

Conclusion Infective endocarditis is still a life-threatening disease with frequent lethal outcome despite profound changes in its clinical, microbiological, imaging, and therapeutic profiles.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)3222-+
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftEuropean Heart Journal
Volume40
Nummer van het tijdschrift39
DOI's
StatusPublished - 14-okt-2019

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