BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring provides important guidance for treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and could help to early identify treatment failure. This study aimed to validate a finger prick-based capillary blood sampling technique to measure biological trough levels and C-reactive protein (CRP) and evaluate patient performance and -support.

METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, patients with IBD receiving infliximab (IFX) or vedolizumab (VEDO) therapy performed finger prick-based capillary blood sampling at home. Additionally, blood was collected through routinely performed in-hospital venepuncture prior to biological infusion. IFX, VEDO, and CRP concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The concordance between methods was statistically evaluated and a survey was conducted to assess practicality and patient support.

RESULTS: In total, 81 patients (46 IFX, 35 VEDO) were enrolled. Mean differences between both methods were 0.42 (95% confidence interval, -1.74 to 2.58) μg/mL for IFX and 0.72 (95% confidence interval, -5.50 to 6.94) μg/mL for VEDO. Passing-Bablok regressions demonstrated no evidence for systematic or proportional biases. Venous and capillary IFX (ρ = 0.96, P < .001) and VEDO (ρ = 0.97, P < .001) levels strongly correlated and showed high intermethod agreement (Cohen's kappa: IFX = 0.82; VEDO = 0.94). Similarly, venous and capillary CRP levels were strongly correlated (ρ = 0.99, P < .001). Most patients (>95%) were able to successfully perform the self-sampling at home without prior instructions.

CONCLUSIONS: This study clinically validated a finger prick-based capillary blood self-sampling technique allowing concomitant home monitoring of biological levels and CRP for patients with IBD, who reported substantial support, tolerability, and practicality.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)325–335
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
Vroegere onlinedatum2-jun.-2023
StatusPublished - mrt.-2024


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