Co-occurrence of chronic kidney disease and glaucoma: Epidemiology and etiological mechanisms

Wei Liu, Ruru Guo, Dandan Huang, Jian Ji, Ron T. Gansevoort, Harold Snieder, Nomdo M. Jansonius*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articlepeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)


As the histology, physiology, and pathophysiology of eyes and kidneys show substantial overlap, it has been suggested that eye and kidney diseases, such as glaucoma and chronic kidney disease (CKD), may be closely interlinked. We review the relationship between CKD and various subtypes of glaucoma, including primary open-angle glaucoma, primary angle- closure glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, and several glaucoma endophenotypes. We also discuss the underlying pathogenic mechanisms and common risk factors for CKD and glaucoma, including atherosclerosis, the renin-angiotensin system, genes and genetic polymorphisms, vitamin D deficiency, and erythropoietin. The prevalence of glaucoma appears elevated in CKD patients, and vice versa, and the literature points to many intriguing associations; however, the associations are not always confirmed, and sometimes apparently opposite observations are reported. Glaucoma and CKD are complex diseases, and their mutual influence is only partially understood.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-16
Aantal pagina's16
TijdschriftSurvey of Ophthalmology
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - jan.-2023

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