Co-occurrence of fecal incontinence with constipation or irritable bowel syndrome indicates the need for personalized treatment

Ge Sun, Monika Trzpis, Haibo Ding, Xianhua Gao, Paul M.A. Broens, Wei Zhang*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    1 Citaat (Scopus)
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    Background: This study aimed to compare the prevalence and symptoms of fecal incontinence (FI) in relation to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-associated FI), constipation (constipation-associated FI), and isolation (isolated FI). Methods: Data were analyzed from 3145 respondents without organic comorbidities known to influence defecation function from the general Chinese population who filled in the online Groningen Defecation and Fecal Continence questionnaire. FI, IBS, and constipation were evaluated with the Rome IV criteria. Key Results: The prevalence of FI was 10.5% (n = 329) in the non-comorbidity group. After multivariable logistic regression analysis, IBS (odds ratio [OR]: 12.55, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.06–17.36) and constipation (OR: 4.38, 95% CI: 3.27–5.85) were the most significant factors contributing to FI. Based on this finding, 106/329 (32.2%) had IBS-associated FI, 119/329 (36.2%) had constipation-associated FI, and 104/329 (31.6%) had isolated FI. Among the 329 FI respondents, there was a high prevalence of IBS and constipation-related symptoms, including abdominal pain (81.5%) and abdominal bloating (77.8%) for IBS and straining during defecation (75.4%), incomplete defecation (72.3%), defecation blockage (63.2%), anal pain during defecation (59.3%), and hard stools (24%) for constipation. The patients with IBS-associated FI asked for specialists' help less frequently than those with isolated FI. Interestingly, among the patients with constipation-associated FI, 56.3% used anti-diarrhea medicine. Conclusions and Inferences: The prevalence of IBS-associated FI, constipation-associated FI, and isolated FI is comparably high. It is important to diagnose and target the cause of FI to provide personalized and cause-targeting care instead of treating only the FI symptoms.

    Originele taal-2English
    Artikelnummere14633
    Aantal pagina's12
    TijdschriftNeurogastroenterology and motility
    Volume35
    Nummer van het tijdschrift9
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - sep.-2023

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