Community assembly processes of the microbial rare biosphere

Xiu Jia, Francisco Dini-Andreote, Joana Falcao Salles*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

52 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Our planet teems with microorganisms that often present a skewed abundance distribution in a local community, with relatively few dominant species coexisting alongside a high number of rare species. Recent studies have demonstrated that these rare taxa serve as limitless reservoirs of genetic diversity, and perform disproportionate types of functions despite their low abundances. However, relatively little is known about the mechanisms controlling rarity and the processes promoting the development of the rare biosphere. Here, we propose the use of multivariate cut-offs to estimate rare species and phylogenetic null models applied to predefined rare taxa to disentangle the relative influences of ecoevolutionary processes mediating the assembly of the rare biosphere. Importantly, the identification of the factors controlling rare species assemblages is critical for understanding the types of rarity, how the rare biosphere is established, and how rare microorganisms fluctuate over spatiotemporal scales, thus enabling prospective predictions of ecosystem responses.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)738-747
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftTrends in Microbiology
Volume26
Nummer van het tijdschrift9
DOI's
StatusPublished - sep-2018

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