Comparison of computed tomography image features extracted by radiomics, self-supervised learning and end-to-end deep learning for outcome prediction of oropharyngeal cancer

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Background and purpose: To compare the prediction performance of image features of computed tomography (CT) images extracted by radiomics, self-supervised learning and end-to-end deep learning for local control (LC), regional control (RC), locoregional control (LRC), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), tumor-specific survival (TSS), overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) patients after (chemo)radiotherapy.

Methods and materials: The OPC-Radiomics dataset was used for model development and independent internal testing and the UMCG-OPC set for external testing. Image features were extracted from the Gross Tumor Volume contours of the primary tumor (GTVt) regions in CT scans when using radiomics or a self-supervised learning-based method (autoencoder). Clinical and combined (radiomics, autoencoder or end-to-end) models were built using multivariable Cox proportional-hazard analysis with clinical features only and both clinical and image features for LC, RC, LRC, DMFS, TSS, OS and DFS prediction, respectively.

Results: In the internal test set, combined autoencoder models performed better than clinical models and combined radiomics models for LC, RC, LRC, DMFS, TSS and DFS prediction (largest improvements in C-index: 0.91 vs. 0.76 in RC and 0.74 vs. 0.60 in DMFS). In the external test set, combined radiomics models performed better than clinical and combined autoencoder models for all endpoints (largest improvements in LC, 0.82 vs. 0.71). Furthermore, combined models performed better in risk stratification than clinical models and showed good calibration for most endpoints.

Conclusions: Image features extracted using self-supervised learning showed best internal prediction performance while radiomics features have better external generalizability.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftPhysics and imaging in radiation oncology
StatusPublished - okt.-2023

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