Concentrations of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in cerebrospinal fluid after antiretroviral treatment initiated during primary HIV-1 infection

Roelien H. Enting, Jan M. Prins, Suzanne Jurriaans, Kees Brinkman, Peter Portegies, Joep M. A. Lange

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

23 Citaten (Scopus)


In 6 patients with primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, concentrations of HIV-1 RNA and beta(2)-microglobulin were monitored in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in plasma during antiretroviral therapy. Four patients had neurological symptoms. At baseline, the CSF of 5 patients had detectable levels of HIV-1 RNA (median, 3.68 log(10) copies/mL; range, <2.60-5.67 log(10) copies/mL), and the CSF of 3 patients had elevated levels of beta(2)-microglobulin. After 8 weeks of treatment, the median concentrations of HIV-1 RNA in CSF had decreased to <2.60 log(10) copies/mL (range, <1.60-3.00 log(10) copies/mL; P=.04) and in plasma to 3.07 log(10) copies/mL (range, 2.57-3.79 log(10) copies/mL; P=.03). Median concentration of beta(2)-microglobulin in CSF had decreased to 1.2 mg/L (range, 0.9-1.7 mg/L; P=.06) and, in plasma, to 1.7 mg/L (range, 1.1-2.2 mg/L; P=.03). After 48 weeks, HIV-1 RNA concentrations in 1 patient were still 1.97 log(10) copies/mL in CSF and 1.51 log(10) copies/mL in plasma, although beta(2)-microglobulin concentrations in CSF and plasma had normalized after 8 weeks.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1095-1099
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftClinical Infectious Diseases
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
StatusPublished - 1-apr-2001
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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