Conservative versus Liberal Oxygenation Targets in Intensive Care Unit Patients (ICONIC): A Randomized Clinical Trial

ICONIC investigators, E. Christiaan Boerma

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

16 Citaten (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Rationale: Supplemental oxygen is widely administered to ICU patients, but appropriate oxygenation targets remain unclear. Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether a low-oxygenation strategy would lower 28-day mortality compared with a high-oxygenation strategy. Methods: This randomized multicenter trial included mechanically ventilated ICU patients with an expected ventilation duration of at least 24 hours. Patients were randomized 1:1 to a low-oxygenation (PaO2, 55–80 mm Hg; or oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry, 91–94%) or high-oxygenation (PaO2, 110–150 mm Hg; or oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry, 96–100%) target until ICU discharge or 28 days after randomization, whichever came first. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality. The study was stopped prematurely because of the COVID-19 pandemic when 664 of the planned 1,512 patients were included. Measurements and Main Results: Between November 2018 and November 2021, a total of 664 patients were included in the trial: 335 in the low-oxygenation group and 329 in the high-oxygenation group. The median achieved PaO2 was 75 mm Hg (interquartile range, 70–84) and 115 mm Hg (interquartile range, 100–129) in the low- and high-oxygenation groups, respectively. At Day 28, 129 (38.5%) and 114 (34.7%) patients had died in the low- and high-oxygenation groups, respectively (risk ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 0.9–1.4; P = 0.30). At least one serious adverse event was reported in 12 (3.6%) and 17 (5.2%) patients in the low- and high-oxygenation groups, respectively. Conclusions: Among mechanically ventilated ICU patients with an expected mechanical ventilation duration of at least 24 hours, using a low-oxygenation strategy did not result in a reduction of 28-day mortality compared with a high-oxygenation strategy.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)770-779
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume208
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1-okt.-2023

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