Continuous and bilevel positive airway pressure may improve radiotherapy delivery in patients with intra-thoracic tumors

J. Elshof*, C. M. Steenstra, A. G.H. Niezink, P. J. Wijkstra, R. Wijsman, M. L. Duiverman

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Background: Minimizing tumor motion in radiotherapy for intra-thoracic tumors reduces side-effects by limiting radiation exposure to healthy tissue. Continuous or Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP/BiPAP) could achieve this, since it could increase lung inflation and decrease tidal volume variability. We aim to identify the better CPAP/BiPAP setting for minimizing tumor motion.

Methods: In 10 patients (5 with lung cancer, 5 with other intra-thoracic tumors), CPAP/BiPAP was tested with the following settings for 10 min each: CPAP 5, 10 and 15 cmH2O and BiPAP 14/10 cmH2O with a lower (7 breaths/min) and higher back-up respiratory rate (BURR initially 1 breath/min above the spontaneous breathing frequency, with the option to adjust if the patient continued to initiate breaths). Electrical impedance tomography was used to analyse end-expiratory lung impedance (EELI) as an estimate of end-expiratory lung volume and tidal impedance variation (TIV) as an estimate of tidal volume.

Results: Nine out of ten patients tolerated all settings; one patient could not sustain CPAP-15. A significant difference in EELI was observed between settings (χ2 22.960, p < 0.001), with most increase during CPAP-15 (median (IQR) 1.03 (1.00 – 1.06), normalized to the EELI during spontaneous breathing). No significant differences in TIV and breathing variability were found between settings.

Conclusions: This study shows that the application of different settings of CPAP/BiPAP in patients with intra-thoracic tumors is feasible and tolerable. BiPAP with a higher BURR may offer the greatest potential for mitigating tumor motion among the applied settings, although further research investigating tumor motion should be conducted.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer100784
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftClinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
Volume47
DOI's
StatusPublished - jul.-2024

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