This study compared the effectiveness of three theoretically-based conditions of intergroup cooperation in bringing about generalization of ethnic outgroup attitudes from a cooperation partner to the outgroup as a whole. Twenty-seven pairs of Dutch secondary school pupils were assigned at random to work together in triads to solve two word puzzles. The triads consisted of one Turkish pupil, always a confederate, and two Dutch pupils. The three conditions varied according to whether reference was made to the ethnic background of the confederate in both an introductory conversation and in the conversation-break between puzzles (High-High salience); only in the later break (Low-High); or not at all (Low-Low). Results show no differences between conditions in attitudes towards the partner, which were quite positive. However, attitude change only generalized in the two conditions in which ethnic membership was made salient (Low-High and High-High, which did not differ). These findings are discussed in terms of different models of intergroup contact, and how contact may actually work.
|Tijdschrift||European Journal of Social Psychology|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||4|
|Status||Published - 1996|