Cost-effectiveness of cardiovascular risk management by practice nurses in primary care

Ans H. Tiessen*, Karin M. Vermeulen, Jan Broer, Andries J. Smit, Klaas van der Meer

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)
231 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is largely preventable and prevention expenditures are relatively low. The randomised controlled SPRING-trial (SPRING-RCT) shows that cardiovascular risk management by practice nurses in general practice with and without self-monitoring both decreases cardiovascular risk, with no additional effect of self-monitoring. For considering future approaches of cardiovascular risk reduction, cost effectiveness analyses of regular care and additional self-monitoring are performed from a societal perspective on data from the SPRING-RCT.

Methods: Direct medical and productivity costs are analysed alongside the SPRING-RCT, studying 179 participants (men aged 50-75 years, women aged 55-75 years), with an elevated cardiovascular risk, in 20 general practices in the Netherlands. Standard cardiovascular treatment according to Dutch guidelines is compared with additional counselling based on self-monitoring at home (pedometer, weighing scale and/or blood pressure device) both by trained practice nurses. Cost-effectiveness is evaluated for both treatment groups and patient categories (age, sex, education).

Results: Costs are (sic)98 and (sic)187 per percentage decrease in 10-year cardiovascular mortality estimation, for the control and intervention group respectively. In both groups lost productivity causes the majority of the costs. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio is approximately (sic)1100 (95% CI: -5157 to 6150). Self-monitoring may be cost effective for females and higher educated participants, however confidence intervals are wide.

Conclusions: In this study population, regular treatment is more cost effective than counselling based on self-monitoring, with the majority of costs caused by lost productivity.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer148
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftBMC Public Health
Volume13
DOI's
StatusPublished - 18-feb.-2013

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